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1-Naphthyl PP1Src family kinases inhibitor

1-Naphthyl PP1

Catalog No. BCC3893
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Quality Control of 1-Naphthyl PP1

Chemical structure

1-Naphthyl PP1

Biological Activity of 1-Naphthyl PP1

Selective inhibitor of src family kinases v-Src and c-Fyn as well as the tyrosine kinase c-Abl. (IC50 values are 1.0, 0.6, 0.6, 18 and 22 μM for v-Src, c-Fyn, c-Abl, CDK2 and CAMK II respectively). Preferentially inhibits mutant over wild-type kinases (IC50 values are 1.5 vs 1000 nM for I338G v-src and v-src respectively).

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Chemical Properties of 1-Naphthyl PP1

Cas No. 221243-82-9 SDF Download SDF
Synonyms 1-NA-PP 1
Chemical Name 1-(1,1-Dimethylethyl)-3-(1-naphthalenyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine
SMILES CC(C)(C)n1nc(c2cccc3ccccc23)c4c(N)ncnc14
Standard InChIKey XSHQBIXMLULFEV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Standard InChI InChI=1S/C19H19N5/c1-19(2,3)24-18-15(17(20)21-11-22-18)16(23-24)14-10-6-8-12-7-4-5-9-13(12)14/h4-11H,1-3H3,(H2,20,21,22)
Formula C19H19N5 M.Wt 317.39
Solubility Soluble to 20 mM in DMSO
Storage Store at +4°C
General tips For obtaining a higher solubility , please warm the tube at 37 ℃ and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while.Stock solution can be stored below -20℃ for several months.
Shipping Condition Packaging according to customer requirements(5mg, 10mg, 20mg and more). Ship via FedEx, DHL, UPS, EMS or other courier with RT , or blue ice upon request.

Preparing Stock Solutions of 1-Naphthyl PP1

1 mg 5 mg 10 mg 20 mg 25 mg
1 mM 3.1507 mL 15.7535 mL 31.507 mL 63.014 mL 78.7674 mL
5 mM 0.6301 mL 3.1507 mL 6.3014 mL 12.6028 mL 15.7535 mL
10 mM 0.3151 mL 1.5753 mL 3.1507 mL 6.3014 mL 7.8767 mL
50 mM 0.063 mL 0.3151 mL 0.6301 mL 1.2603 mL 1.5753 mL
100 mM 0.0315 mL 0.1575 mL 0.3151 mL 0.6301 mL 0.7877 mL
* Note: If you are in the process of experiment, it's necessary to make the dilution ratios of the samples. The dilution data above is only for reference. Normally, it's can get a better solubility within lower of Concentrations.

Background on 1-Naphthyl PP1

Selective inhibitor of src family kinases v-Src and c-Fyn as well as the tyrosine kinase c-Abl. (IC50 values are 1.0, 0.6, 0.6, 18 and 22 μM for v-Src, c-Fyn, c-Abl, CDK2 and CAMK II respectively). Preferentially inhibits mutant over wild-type kinases (IC

References on 1-Naphthyl PP1

Generation and characterization of ATP analog-specific protein kinase Cδ.[Pubmed: 25505183]


To better study the role of PKCδ in normal function and disease, we developed an ATP analog-specific (AS) PKCδ that is sensitive to specific kinase inhibitors and can be used to identify PKCδ substrates. AS PKCδ showed nearly 200 times higher affinity (Km) and 150 times higher efficiency (kcat/Km) than wild type (WT) PKCδ toward N(6)-(benzyl)-ATP. AS PKCδ was uniquely inhibited by 1-(tert-butyl)-3-(1-naphthyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine (1NA-PP1) and 1-(tert-butyl)-3-(2-methylbenzyl)-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidin-4-amine (2MB-PP1) but not by other 4-amino-5-(4-methylphenyl)-7-(t-butyl)pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidine (PP1) analogs tested, whereas WT PKCδ was insensitive to all PP1 analogs. To understand the mechanisms for specificity and affinity of these analogs, we created in silico WT and AS PKCδ homology models based on the crystal structure of PKCι. N(6)-(Benzyl)-ATP and ATP showed similar positioning within the purine binding pocket of AS PKCδ, whereas N(6)-(benzyl)-ATP was displaced from the pocket of WT PKCδ and was unable to interact with the glycine-rich loop that is required for phosphoryl transfer. The adenine rings of 1NA-PP1 and 2MB-PP1 matched the adenine ring of ATP when docked in AS PKCδ, and this interaction prevented the potential interaction of ATP with Lys-378, Glu-428, Leu-430, and Phe-633 residues. 1NA-PP1 failed to effectively dock within WT PKCδ. Other PP1 analogs failed to interact with either AS PKCδ or WT PKCδ. These results provide a structural basis for the ability of AS PKCδ to efficiently and specifically utilize N(6)-(benzyl)-ATP as a phosphate donor and for its selective inhibition by 1NA-PP1 and 2MB-PP1. Such homology modeling could prove useful in designing molecules to target PKCδ and other kinases to understand their function in cell signaling and to identify unique substrates.



New pyrazolopyrimidine inhibitors of protein kinase d as potent anticancer agents for prostate cancer cells.[Pubmed: 24086585]


The emergence of protein kinase D (PKD) as a potential therapeutic target for several diseases including cancer has triggered the search for potent, selective, and cell-permeable small molecule inhibitors. In this study, we describe the identification, in vitro characterization, structure-activity analysis, and biological evaluation of a novel PKD inhibitory scaffold exemplified by 1-naphthyl PP1 (1-NA-PP1). 1-NA-PP1 and IKK-16 were identified as pan-PKD inhibitors in a small-scale targeted kinase inhibitor library assay. Both screening hits inhibited PKD isoforms at about 100 nM and were ATP-competitive inhibitors. Analysis of several related kinases indicated that 1-NA-PP1 was highly selective for PKD as compared to IKK-16. SAR analysis showed that 1-NA-PP1 was considerably more potent and showed distinct substituent effects at the pyrazolopyrimidine core. 1-NA-PP1 was cell-active, and potently blocked prostate cancer cell proliferation by inducing G2/M arrest. It also potently blocked the migration and invasion of prostate cancer cells, demonstrating promising anticancer activities on multiple fronts. Overexpression of PKD1 or PKD3 almost completely reversed the growth arrest and the inhibition of tumor cell invasion caused by 1-NA-PP1, indicating that its anti-proliferative and anti-invasive activities were mediated through the inhibition of PKD. Interestingly, a 12-fold increase in sensitivity to 1-NA-PP1 could be achieved by engineering a gatekeeper mutation in the active site of PKD1, suggesting that 1-NA-PP1 could be paired with the analog-sensitive PKD1(M659G) for dissecting PKD-specific functions and signaling pathways in various biological systems.



Aurora A is involved in central spindle assembly through phosphorylation of Ser 19 in P150Glued.[Pubmed: 23547029]


Knowledge of Aurora A kinase functions is limited to premetaphase events, particularly centrosome maturation, G2/M transition, and mitotic spindle assembly. The involvement of Aurora A in events after metaphase has only been suggested because appropriate experiments are technically difficult. We report here the design of the first human Aurora A kinase (as-AurA) engineered by chemical genetics techniques. This kinase is fully functional biochemically and in cells, and is rapidly and specifically inhibited by the ATP analogue 1-Naphthyl-PP1 (1-Na-PP1). By treating cells exclusively expressing the as-AurA with 1-Na-PP1, we discovered that Aurora A is required for central spindle assembly in anaphase through phosphorylation of Ser 19 of P150Glued. This paper thus describes a new Aurora A function that takes place after the metaphase-to-anaphase transition and a new powerful tool to search for and study new Aurora A functions.



Biochemical measurements on single erythroid progenitor cells shed light on the combinatorial regulation of red blood cell production.[Pubmed: 23168618]


Adult bone marrow (BM) erythrocyte colony-forming units (CFU-Es) are important cellular targets for the treatment of anemia and also for the manufacture of red blood cells (RBCs) ex vivo. We obtained quantitative biochemical measurements from single and small numbers of CFU-Es by isolating and analyzing c-Kit(+)CD71(high)Ter119(-) cells from adult mouse BM and this allowed us to identify two mechanisms that can be manipulated to increase RBC production. As expected, maximum RBC output was obtained when CFU-Es were stimulated with a combination of Stem Cell Factor (SCF) and Erythropoietin (EPO) mainly because SCF supports a transient CFU-E expansion and EPO promotes the survival and terminal differentiation of erythroid progenitors. However, we found that one of the main factors limiting the output in RBCs was that EPO induces a downregulation of c-Kit expression which limits the transient expansion of CFU-Es. In the presence of SCF, the EPO-mediated downregulation of c-Kit on CFU-Es is delayed but still significant. Moreover, treatment of CFU-Es with 1-Naphthyl PP1 could partially inhibit the downregulation of c-Kit induced by EPO, suggesting that this process is dependent on a Src family kinase, v-Src and/or c-Fyn. We also found that CFU-E survival and proliferation was dependent on the level of time-integrated extracellular-regulated kinase (ERK) activation in these cells, all of which could be significantly increased when SCF and EPO were combined with mouse fetal liver-derived factors. Taken together, these results suggest two novel molecular strategies to increase RBC production and regeneration.



A single amino-acid change in ERK1/2 makes the enzyme susceptible to PP1 derivatives.[Pubmed: 16431218]


We generated extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) mutants by introducing a single amino-acid substitution in subdomain V of the catalytic domain and then examined the susceptibility of these mutants to PP1 derivatives originally designed as Src inhibitors. Substituting smaller amino acids (alanine [Ala (A)] or glycine [Gly (G)]) for glutamine [Gln (Q)] in subdomain V drastically increased the susceptibility of ERK1/2 to 1-naphthyl PP1 (1NA-PP1). Wild-type ERK1/2 was resistant to 1NA-PP1 inhibition. ERK1(Q122A) and ERK2(Q103A) were inhibited by 1NA-PP1 at IC(50) values of 1.7 +/- 0.13 and 2.1 +/- 0.18 microM, respectively. ERK1(Q122G) and ERK2(Q103G) were inhibited by 1NA-PP1 with IC(50) values of 3.6 +/- 0.26 and 18 +/- 2.2 microM, respectively. Other derivatives of PP1 (1-naphthylmethyl PP1 and 2-naphthylmethyl PP1) did not significantly inhibit ERK1/2 and its various mutants. In addition, these ERK1/2 mutants were activated by TPA when they were expressed in mammalian cells. These results suggest that the Gln residue of subdomain V is important in determining the susceptibility of ERK1/2 to 1NA-PP1 without significant changes in their enzymatic characteristics.



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