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[Leu5]-Enkephalin

[Leu5]-Enkephalin

Catalog No. BCC5831
Size Price Stock
25mg $116.00 Ship Within 7 Days
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Quality Control of [Leu5]-Enkephalin

Chemical structure

[Leu5]-Enkephalin

[Leu5]-Enkephalin Dilution Calculator

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Chemical Properties of [Leu5]-Enkephalin

Cas No. 58822-25-6 SDF Download SDF
Synonyms ICI 114740, Dynorphin-(1-5), YGGFL
Sequence YGGFL
Chemical Name (2S)-2-[[(2S)-2-[[2-[[2-[[(2S)-2-amino-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)propanoyl]amino]acetyl]amino]acetyl]amino]-3-phenylpropanoyl]amino]-4-methylpentanoic acid
SMILES CC(C)CC(NC(=O)C(Cc1ccccc1)NC(=O)CNC(=O)CNC(=O)C(N)Cc2ccc(O)cc2)C(O)=O
Standard InChIKey URLZCHNOLZSCCA-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Standard InChI InChI=1S/C28H37N5O7/c1-17(2)12-23(28(39)40)33-27(38)22(14-18-6-4-3-5-7-18)32-25(36)16-30-24(35)15-31-26(37)21(29)13-19-8-10-20(34)11-9-19/h3-11,17,21-23,34H,12-16,29H2,1-2H3,(H,30,35)(H,31,37)(H,32,36)(H,33,38)(H,39,40)
Formula C28H37N5O7 M.Wt 555.63
Solubility Soluble to 1 mg/ml in water
Storage Desiccate at -20°C
General tips For obtaining a higher solubility , please warm the tube at 37 ℃ and shake it in the ultrasonic bath for a while.Stock solution can be stored below -20℃ for several months.
Shipping Condition Packaging according to customer requirements(5mg, 10mg, 20mg and more). Ship via FedEx, DHL, UPS, EMS or other courier with RT , or blue ice upon request.

Preparing Stock Solutions of [Leu5]-Enkephalin

1 mg 5 mg 10 mg 20 mg 25 mg
1 mM 1.7998 mL 8.9988 mL 17.9976 mL 35.9952 mL 44.994 mL
5 mM 0.36 mL 1.7998 mL 3.5995 mL 7.199 mL 8.9988 mL
10 mM 0.18 mL 0.8999 mL 1.7998 mL 3.5995 mL 4.4994 mL
50 mM 0.036 mL 0.18 mL 0.36 mL 0.7199 mL 0.8999 mL
100 mM 0.018 mL 0.09 mL 0.18 mL 0.36 mL 0.4499 mL
* Note: If you are in the process of experiment, it's necessary to make the dilution ratios of the samples. The dilution data above is only for reference. Normally, it's can get a better solubility within lower of Concentrations.

References on [Leu5]-Enkephalin

Protective effect of delta opioid receptor agonist (D-Ala2, D-Leu5) enkephalin on permanent focal cerebral ischemia in rats.[Pubmed: 27232517]


To investigate the effect of delta opioid receptor agonist (D-Ala, D-Leu) enkephalin (DADLE) on the permanent focal cerebral ischemia in rats. Thirty four male Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned randomly into three groups: sham group (group Sham, n=10), artificial cerebrospinal fluid group (group ACSF, n=12), and DADLE group (group DADLE, n=12). Permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion was performed to induce permanent focal cerebral ischemia in rats. Then, the animals in group DADLE and group ACSF were treated with DADLE or ACSF by an intracerebroventricular injection at 45 min after ischemia. Neurologic deficit scores were assessed according to the Garcia criterion at 24 h after ischemia. Infarct volume was determined using the 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride staining method. The histological analysis was used to evaluate the extent of cerebral injury. Compared with the control group, the Garcia scores were significantly higher (P=0.000) and the infarct volumes (P=0.018) were significantly smaller in the DADLE treatment group at 24 h after ischemia. These neurologic changes were closely correlated with the outcome of the infarct volumes. In addition, the histological examination showed more intact neurons in rats treated with DADLE than those treated with ACSF at 24 h after ischemia (P=0.000). DADLE by intracerebroventricular administration at 45 min after ischemia can improve neurologic outcome and mitigate cortical neuronal injury induced by permanent focal cerebral ischemia in rats.

Protection of rat intestinal epithelial cells from ischemia/reperfusion injury by (D-Ala2, D-Leu5)-enkephalin through inhibition of the MKK7-JNK signaling pathway.[Pubmed: 26126577]


Previous studies have demonstrated that (D‑Ala2, D‑Leu5)‑enkephalin (DADLE) protects rats from hepatic ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. In the present study, DADLE was also observed to alleviate IR‑induced intestinal epithelial cell injury in rats by inhibiting mitogen‑activated protein kinase kinase 7 (MKK7)‑c‑Jun N‑terminal kinase (JNK) pathway signaling. To investigate the protective effect of DADLE on hypoxia/reoxygenation injury in rat intestinal epithelial cells, rat intestinal epithelial cells were treated with different concentrations of DADLE, following which the cell survival rate was determined using a tetrazolium (MTT) colorimetric assay, and apoptosis was determined using flow cytometry. To confirm whether the protective effect of DADLE was due to its effect on MKK7‑JNK signaling, the phosphorylation levels of MKK7 and JNK were analyzed using western blot analysis following treatment with different concentrations of DADLE. The results demonstrated that, following treatment with DADLE, the survival rate of the rat intestinal cells subjected to I/R‑induced injury increased significantly and the apoptotic rate decreased in a concentration‑dependent manner. In addition, the levels of phosphorylated MKK7 and JNK decreased in a concentration‑dependent manner following treatment with DADLE. Silencing the gene expression of MKK7 using small interfering RNA prior to DADLE treatment resulted in a reduction in the protective effects of DADLE on the rat intestinal epithelial cells subjected to I/R injury. Collectively, the results of the present study demonstrated that the protective effects of DADLE in I/R injury in rat intestinal cells occurred through inhibition of the MKK7‑JNK pathway.

Protective effect of delta opioid agonist [D-Ala2, D-Leu5] enkephalin on spinal cord ischemia reperfusion injury by regional perfusion into abdominal aorta in rabbits.[Pubmed: 25283992]


[D-Ala(2), D-Leu(5)] enkephalin (DADLE) has been reported to exhibit protective effects against hypoxic or ischemic induced brain insult. However its efficacy on the spinal cord ischemia-reperfusion injury remains unclear. Here we investigate whether DADLE could attenuate ischemia and reperfusion induced neural injury in the rabbit spinal cord. New Zealand white rabbits were subjected to spinal cord ischemia by infrarenal aortic occlusion for 30 min. In the period of spinal cord ischemia, DADLE 0.5 mg/kg or NS were infused continuously into the distal clamped abdominal aorta. The heart rate, blood pressure, and core temperature were monitored continuously during the whole experimental procedure. Then the neurological behavioral function was assessed with Tarlov scale system at 1h, 6h, 24h, 48 h after reperfusion, and neuronal injury evaluation in the ventral horn of gray matter was measured by counting the normal motor neurons at 48 h after reperfusion. Comparing with the control group, the Tarlov scores were significantly higher and the incidences of paraplegia were significantly lower in the DADLE group at four time-point recorded. In addition, the normal neurons numbers in the DADLE group were significant more than those in the control group at 48 h after reperfusion. These results suggested that DADLE infused into the abdominal aorta during ischemia period could attenuate behavioral retardation and the loss of normal motor neuron induced by ischemia-reperfusion in rabbits.

Increase in antinociceptive effect of [leu5]enkephalin after intrathecal administration of mixture of three peptidase inhibitors.[Pubmed: 23868737]


Previous in vitro studies have shown that the degradation of [Leu5]enkephalin during incubation with cerebral membrane preparations is almost completely prevented by a mixture of three peptidase inhibitors such as amastatin, captopril, and phosphoramidon. The present in vivo study was performed to examine the antinociceptive effect of [Leu5]enkephalin administered intrathecally under pretreatment with these three peptidase inhibitors.

Kewords:

[Leu5]-Enkephalin,58822-25-6,ICI 114740, Dynorphin-(1-5), YGGFL,Endocrinology and Hormones,Opioid Receptor, supplier, inhibitor,Antagonist,Blocker,Modulator,Agonist, activators, activates, potent, BioCrick

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